Question Comment envoyer un en-tête en utilisant une requête HTTP via un appel curl?


Je souhaite envoyer un en-tête à mon serveur Apache sur une machine Linux. Comment puis-je y parvenir via un appel curl?


1057
2017-12-10 16:38


origine


Réponses:


man curl:

   -H/--header <header>
          (HTTP)  Extra header to use when getting a web page. You may specify
          any number of extra headers. Note that if you should  add  a  custom
          header that has the same name as one of the internal ones curl would
          use, your externally set header will be used instead of the internal
          one.  This  allows  you  to make even trickier stuff than curl would
          normally do. You should not replace internally set  headers  without
          knowing  perfectly well what you're doing. Remove an internal header
          by giving a replacement without content on the  right  side  of  the
          colon, as in: -H "Host:".

          curl  will  make sure that each header you add/replace get sent with
          the proper end of line marker, you should thus not  add  that  as  a
          part  of the header content: do not add newlines or carriage returns
          they will only mess things up for you.

          See also the -A/--user-agent and -e/--referer options.

          This option can be used multiple times to add/replace/remove  multi-
          ple headers.

Exemple:

curl --header "X-MyHeader: 123" www.google.com

Vous pouvez voir la requête que curl envoyé en ajoutant le -v option.


1591
2017-12-10 16:41



OBTENIR:

avec JSON:

curl -i -H "Accept: application/json" -H "Content-Type: application/json" http://hostname/resource

avec XML:

curl -H "Accept: application/xml" -H "Content-Type: application/xml" -X GET http://hostname/resource

POSTER:

Pour publier des données:

curl --data "param1=value1&param2=value2" http://hostname/resource

Pour le téléchargement de fichier:

curl --form "fileupload=@filename.txt" http://hostname/resource

Poste HTTP RESTful:

curl -X POST -d @filename http://hostname/resource

Pour se connecter à un site (auth):

curl -d "username=admin&password=admin&submit=Login" --dump-header headers http://localhost/Login
curl -L -b headers http://localhost/

302
2017-10-07 05:15



Dans PHP:

curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER, array('HeaderName:HeaderValue'));

ou vous pouvez définir plusieurs:

curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER, array('HeaderName:HeaderValue', 'HeaderName2:HeaderValue2'));

259
2018-04-03 09:49



Utilisation -H or --header.


46
2017-12-10 16:41



GET (paramètres multiples):

curl -X  GET "http://localhost:3000/action?result1=gh&result2=ghk"

ou

curl --request  GET "http://localhost:3000/action?result1=gh&result2=ghk"

ou

curl  "http://localhost:3000/action?result1=gh&result2=ghk"

ou

curl -i -H "Application/json" -H "Content-type: application/json"  "http://localhost:3000/action?result1=gh&result2=ghk"

39
2017-10-14 09:44



Je suis passé de curl à Httpie; la syntaxe ressemble à:

http http://myurl HeaderName:value

7
2017-09-02 20:39



Au cas où vous voulez envoyer votre en-têtes personnalisés, vous pouvez le faire de cette façon:

curl -v -H @{'custom_header'='custom_header_value'} http://localhost:3000/action?result1=gh&result2=ghk

3
2017-08-09 10:27