Question Comment implémenter un arbre binaire?


Quelle est la meilleure structure de données pouvant être utilisée pour implémenter Binary Tree dans Python?


74
2018-04-08 08:23


origine


Réponses:


Voici mon implémentation récursive simple de l'arbre binaire.

#!/usr/bin/python

class Node:
    def __init__(self, val):
        self.l = None
        self.r = None
        self.v = val

class Tree:
    def __init__(self):
        self.root = None

    def getRoot(self):
        return self.root

    def add(self, val):
        if(self.root == None):
            self.root = Node(val)
        else:
            self._add(val, self.root)

    def _add(self, val, node):
        if(val < node.v):
            if(node.l != None):
                self._add(val, node.l)
            else:
                node.l = Node(val)
        else:
            if(node.r != None):
                self._add(val, node.r)
            else:
                node.r = Node(val)

    def find(self, val):
        if(self.root != None):
            return self._find(val, self.root)
        else:
            return None

    def _find(self, val, node):
        if(val == node.v):
            return node
        elif(val < node.v and node.l != None):
            self._find(val, node.l)
        elif(val > node.v and node.r != None):
            self._find(val, node.r)

    def deleteTree(self):
        # garbage collector will do this for us. 
        self.root = None

    def printTree(self):
        if(self.root != None):
            self._printTree(self.root)

    def _printTree(self, node):
        if(node != None):
            self._printTree(node.l)
            print str(node.v) + ' '
            self._printTree(node.r)

#     3
# 0     4
#   2      8
tree = Tree()
tree.add(3)
tree.add(4)
tree.add(0)
tree.add(8)
tree.add(2)
tree.printTree()
print (tree.find(3)).v
print tree.find(10)
tree.deleteTree()
tree.printTree()

65
2018-03-04 20:14



# simple binary tree
# in this implementation, a node is inserted between an existing node and the root


class BinaryTree():

    def __init__(self,rootid):
      self.left = None
      self.right = None
      self.rootid = rootid

    def getLeftChild(self):
        return self.left
    def getRightChild(self):
        return self.right
    def setNodeValue(self,value):
        self.rootid = value
    def getNodeValue(self):
        return self.rootid

    def insertRight(self,newNode):
        if self.right == None:
            self.right = BinaryTree(newNode)
        else:
            tree = BinaryTree(newNode)
            tree.right = self.right
            self.right = tree

    def insertLeft(self,newNode):
        if self.left == None:
            self.left = BinaryTree(newNode)
        else:
            tree = BinaryTree(newNode)
            tree.left = self.left
            self.left = tree


def printTree(tree):
        if tree != None:
            printTree(tree.getLeftChild())
            print(tree.getNodeValue())
            printTree(tree.getRightChild())



# test tree

def testTree():
    myTree = BinaryTree("Maud")
    myTree.insertLeft("Bob")
    myTree.insertRight("Tony")
    myTree.insertRight("Steven")
    printTree(myTree)

En savoir plus ici: - C'est très simple la mise en oeuvre d'un arbre binaire.

Ce est un bon tutoriel avec des questions entre


25
2017-09-16 01:33



Implémentation simple de BST en Python

class TreeNode:
    def __init__(self, value):
        self.left = None;
        self.right = None;
        self.data = value;

class Tree:
    def __init__(self):
        self.root = None;

    def addNode(self, node, value):
        if(node==None):
            self.root = TreeNode(value);
        else:
            if(value<node.data):
                if(node.left==None):
                    node.left = TreeNode(value)
                else:
                    self.addNode(node.left, value);
            else:
                if(node.right==None):
                    node.right = TreeNode(value)
                else:
                    self.addNode(node.right, value);

    def printInorder(self, node):
        if(node!=None):
            self.printInorder(node.left)
            print(node.data)
            self.printInorder(node.right)

def main():
    testTree = Tree()
    testTree.addNode(testTree.root, 200)
    testTree.addNode(testTree.root, 300)
    testTree.addNode(testTree.root, 100)
    testTree.addNode(testTree.root, 30)
    testTree.printInorder(testTree.root)

8
2018-05-20 06:29



Une méthode très rapide pour implémenter un arbre binaire à l'aide de listes. Pas le plus efficace, et il ne gère pas non plus les valeurs nulles. Mais c'est très transparent (du moins pour moi):

def _add(node, v):
    new = [v, [], []]
    if node:
        left, right = node[1:]
        if not left:
            left.extend(new)
        elif not right:
            right.extend(new)
        else:
            _add(left, v)
    else:
        node.extend(new)

def binary_tree(s):
    root = []
    for e in s:
        _add(root, e)
    return root

def traverse(n, order):
    if n:
        v = n[0]
        if order == 'pre':
            yield v
        for left in traverse(n[1], order):
            yield left
        if order == 'in':
            yield v
        for right in traverse(n[2], order):
            yield right
        if order == 'post':
            yield v

Construire un arbre à partir d'un itérable:

 >>> tree = binary_tree('A B C D E'.split())
 >>> print tree
 ['A', ['B', ['D', [], []], ['E', [], []]], ['C', [], []]]

Traverser un arbre:

 >>> list(traverse(tree, 'pre')), list(traverse(tree, 'in')), list(traverse(tree, 'post'))
 (['A', 'B', 'D', 'E', 'C'],
  ['D', 'B', 'E', 'A', 'C'],
  ['D', 'E', 'B', 'C', 'A'])

5
2017-11-15 23:45



vous n'avez pas besoin d'avoir deux cours

class Tree:
    val = None
    left = None
    right = None

    def __init__(self, val):
        self.val = val


    def insert(self, val):
        if self.val is not None:
            if val < self.val:
                if self.left is not None:
                    self.left.insert(val)
                else:
                    self.left = Tree(val)
            elif val > self.val:
                if self.right is not None:
                    self.right.insert(val)
                else:
                    self.right = Tree(val)
            else:
                return
        else:
            self.val = val
            print("new node added")

    def showTree(self):
        if self.left is not None:
            self.left.showTree()
        print(self.val, end = ' ')
        if self.right is not None:
            self.right.showTree()

3
2018-01-23 06:56



#!/usr/bin/python

class BinaryTree:
    def __init__(self, left, right, data):
        self.left = left
        self.right = right
        self.data = data


    def pre_order_traversal(root):
        print(root.data, end=' ')

        if root.left != None:
            pre_order_traversal(root.left)

        if root.right != None:
            pre_order_traversal(root.right)

    def in_order_traversal(root):
        if root.left != None:
            in_order_traversal(root.left)
        print(root.data, end=' ')
        if root.right != None:
            in_order_traversal(root.right)

    def post_order_traversal(root):
        if root.left != None:
            post_order_traversal(root.left)
        if root.right != None:
            post_order_traversal(root.right)
        print(root.data, end=' ')

3
2017-10-01 20:44



Un peu plus "Pythonic"?

class Node:
    def __init__(self, value):
        self.value = value
        self.left = None
        self.right = None

    def __repr__(self):
        return str(self.value)



class BST:
    def __init__(self):
        self.root = None

    def __repr__(self):
        self.sorted = []
        self.get_inorder(self.root)
        return str(self.sorted)

    def get_inorder(self, node):
        if node:
            self.get_inorder(node.left)
            self.sorted.append(str(node.value))
            self.get_inorder(node.right)

    def add(self, value):
        if not self.root:
            self.root = Node(value)
        else:
            self._add(self.root, value)

    def _add(self, node, value):
        if value <= node.value:
            if node.left:
                self._add(node.left, value)
            else:
                node.left = Node(value)
        else:
            if node.right:
                self._add(node.right, value)
            else:
                node.right = Node(value)



from random import randint

bst = BST()

for i in range(100):
    bst.add(randint(1, 1000))
print (bst)

2
2018-06-10 20:47



import random

class TreeNode:
    def __init__(self, key):
        self.key = key
        self.left = None
        self.right = None
        self.p = None

class BinaryTree:
    def __init__(self):
        self.root = None

    def length(self):
        return self.size

    def inorder(self, node):
        if node == None:
            return None
        else:
            self.inorder(node.left)
            print node.key,
            self.inorder(node.right)

    def search(self, k):
        node = self.root
        while node != None:
            if node.key == k:
                return node
            if node.key > k:
                node = node.left
            else:
                node = node.right
        return None

    def minimum(self, node):
        x = None
        while node.left != None:
            x = node.left
            node = node.left
        return x

    def maximum(self, node):
        x = None
        while node.right != None:
            x = node.right
            node = node.right
        return x

    def successor(self, node):
        parent = None
        if node.right != None:
            return self.minimum(node.right)
        parent = node.p
        while parent != None and node == parent.right:
            node = parent
            parent = parent.p
        return parent

    def predecessor(self, node):
        parent = None
        if node.left != None:
            return self.maximum(node.left)
        parent = node.p
        while parent != None and node == parent.left:
            node = parent
            parent = parent.p
        return parent

    def insert(self, k):
        t = TreeNode(k)
        parent = None
        node = self.root
        while node != None:
            parent = node
            if node.key > t.key:
                node = node.left
            else:
                node = node.right
        t.p = parent
        if parent == None:
            self.root = t
        elif t.key < parent.key:
            parent.left = t
        else:
            parent.right = t
        return t


    def delete(self, node):
        if node.left == None:
            self.transplant(node, node.right)
        elif node.right == None:
            self.transplant(node, node.left)
        else:
            succ = self.minimum(node.right)
            if succ.p != node:
                self.transplant(succ, succ.right)
                succ.right = node.right
                succ.right.p = succ
            self.transplant(node, succ)
            succ.left = node.left
            succ.left.p = succ

    def transplant(self, node, newnode):
        if node.p == None:
            self.root = newnode
        elif node == node.p.left:
            node.p.left = newnode
        else:
            node.p.right = newnode
        if newnode != None:
            newnode.p = node.p

1
2017-11-15 01:04