Question Compilateur Python pour un langage simple à java algorithme de code vm


J'ai un langage simple pour lequel j'essaie d'écrire un compilateur (oui c'est un devoir) pour compiler un langage simple que je décrirai si nécessaire pour java vm code.

Il fonctionne actuellement assez bien, je viens de frapper une bosse avec les ET logiques et les OU.

Chaque travail fonctionne bien dans une condition if / while unique, mais si j'essaye de les enchaîner, corrigez-moi si je me trompe mais je crois que AND a la priorité, mais je me demandais s'il existe des moyens logiques de les organiser? Je pense que c'est ce que j'essaie de demander, la sortie du code java vm n'a que les instructions de comparaison et de saut les unes après les autres (ce qui semble faux). Je me rends compte que c'est assez abstrait, alors peut-être que ce que je cherche ensuite est un pseudo-code / algorithme pour structurer les AND et les chaînes chaînés.

MODIFIER: Actuellement, traite simplement toute combinaison de AND et OR en tant que AND. En comparant la connexion facteur / terme / expression (par rapport à la fonction booléenne, etc.), je crois que AND a la priorité? Juste une pensée.

Excuses si cela est mal compris: /

Donc, je pense que mal inclure des informations pertinentes juste au cas où.

compilateur

import re
import sys

# Restrictions:
# Integer constants must be short.
# Stack size must not exceed 1024.
# Integer is the only type.
# Logical operators cannot be nested.

class Scanner:
    '''The interface comprises the methods lookahead and consume.
       Other methods should not be called from outside of this class.'''

    def __init__(self, input_file):
        '''Reads the whole input_file to input_string.'''
        # source code of the program to be compiled
        self.input_string = input_file.read()
        # index where the unprocessed part of input_string starts
        self.current_char_index = 0
        # a pair (most recently read token, matched substring of input_string)
        self.current_token = self.get_token()

    def skip_white_space(self):
        '''Consumes all characters in input_string up to the next
           non-white-space character.'''
        if (self.current_char_index >= len(self.input_string) - 1):
            # bad fix for it over-running the end of the file
            return

        while self.input_string[self.current_char_index].isspace():
            self.current_char_index += 1


        return

    def get_token(self):
        '''Returns the next token and the part of input_string it matched.
           Returns None if there is no next token.
           The characters up to the end of the token are consumed.'''

        self.skip_white_space()
        # find the longest prefix of input_string that matches a token
        token, longest = None, ''
        for (t, r) in Token.token_regexp:
            match = re.match(r, self.input_string[self.current_char_index:])
            if match and match.end() > len(longest):
                token, longest = t, match.group()
        # consume the token by moving the index to the end of the matched part
        self.current_char_index += len(longest)
        return (token, longest)

    def lookahead(self):
        '''Returns the next token without consuming it.
           Returns None if there is no next token.'''
        return self.current_token[0]

    def consume(self, *tokens):
        '''Returns the next token and consumes it, if it is in tokens.
           Raises an exception otherwise.
           If the token is a number or an identifier, its value is returned.'''
        if self.current_token[0] not in tokens:
            print('Token ' + self.current_token[0] + ' isn\'t in the tokens: ')
            for token in tokens:
                print(token)
            raise Exception('Token is not in tokens this shouldn\'t happen much')

        if self.current_token[0] == 'ID':
            symbol_table.location(self.current_token[1])
            value = self.current_token[1]


        elif (self.current_token[0] == 'NUM'):
            value = self.current_token[1]

        else:
            value = self.current_token[0]

        self.current_token = self.get_token()

        return value



class Token:
    DO    = 'DO';
    ELSE  = 'ELSE';
    END   = 'END';
    IF    = 'IF';
    THEN  = 'THEN';
    WHILE = 'WHILE';
    SEM   = 'SEM';
    BEC   = 'BEC';
    LESS  = 'LESS';
    EQ    = 'EQ';
    GRTR  = 'GRTR';
    LEQ   = 'LEQ';
    NEQ   = 'NEQ';
    GEQ   = 'GEQ';
    ADD   = 'ADD';
    SUB   = 'SUB';
    MUL   = 'MUL';
    DIV   = 'DIV';
    LPAR  = 'LPAR';
    RPAR  = 'RPAR';
    NUM   = 'NUM';
    ID    = 'ID';
    READ  = 'READ';
    WRITE = 'WRITE';
    OR    = 'OR';
    AND   = 'AND';
    NOT   = 'NOT';


    # The following list gives the regular expression to match a token.
    # The order in the list matters for mimicking Flex behaviour.
    # Longer matches are preferred over shorter ones.
    # For same-length matches, the first in the list is preferred.
    token_regexp = [
        (DO,    'do'),
        (ELSE,  'else'),
        (END,   'end'),
        (IF,    'if'),
        (THEN,  'then'),
        (WHILE, 'while'),
        (READ,  'read'),
        (WRITE, 'write'),
        (OR,    'or'),
        (AND,   'and'),
        (NOT,   'not'),        
        (SEM,   ';'),
        (BEC,   ':='),
        (LESS,  '<'),
        (EQ,    '='),
        (NEQ,   '!='),
        (GRTR,  '>'),
        (LEQ,   '<='),
        (GEQ,   '>='),
        (ADD,   '[+]'), # + is special in regular expressions
        (SUB,   '-'),
        (MUL,   '[*]'),
        (DIV,   '/'),
        (LPAR,  '[(]'), # ( is special in regular expressions
        (RPAR,  '[)]'), # ) is special in regular expressions
        (ID,    '[a-z]+'),
        (NUM,   '[0-9]+'),
    ]

class Symbol_Table:
    '''A symbol table maps identifiers to locations.'''
    def __init__(self):
        self.symbol_table = {}
    def size(self):
        '''Returns the number of entries in the symbol table.'''
        return len(self.symbol_table)
    def location(self, identifier):
        '''Returns the location of an identifier. If the identifier is not in
           the symbol table, it is entered with a new location. Locations are
           numbered sequentially starting with 0.'''
        if identifier in self.symbol_table:
            return self.symbol_table[identifier]
        index = len(self.symbol_table)
        self.symbol_table[identifier] = index
        return index

class Label:
    def __init__(self):
        self.current_label = 0
    def next(self):
        '''Returns a new, unique label.'''
        self.current_label += 1
        return 'l' + str(self.current_label)

def indent(s, level):
    return '    '*level + s + '\n'

# Each of the following classes is a kind of node in the abstract syntax tree.
# indented(level) returns a string that shows the tree levels by indentation.
# code() returns a string with JVM bytecode implementing the tree fragment.
# true_code/false_code(label) jumps to label if the condition is/is not true.
# Execution of the generated code leaves the value of expressions on the stack.

class Program_AST:
    def __init__(self, program):
        self.program = program
    def __repr__(self):
        return repr(self.program)
    def indented(self, level):
        return self.program.indented(level)
    def code(self):
        program = self.program.code()
        local = symbol_table.size()
        java_scanner = symbol_table.location('Java Scanner')
        return '.class public Program\n' + \
               '.super java/lang/Object\n' + \
               '.method public <init>()V\n' + \
               'aload_0\n' + \
               'invokenonvirtual java/lang/Object/<init>()V\n' + \
               'return\n' + \
               '.end method\n' + \
               '.method public static main([Ljava/lang/String;)V\n' + \
               '.limit locals ' + str(local) + '\n' + \
               '.limit stack 1024\n' + \
               'new java/util/Scanner\n' + \
               'dup\n' + \
               'getstatic java/lang/System.in Ljava/io/InputStream;\n' + \
               'invokespecial java/util/Scanner.<init>(Ljava/io/InputStream;)V\n' + \
               'astore ' + str(java_scanner) + '\n' + \
               program + \
               'return\n' + \
               '.end method\n'

class Statements_AST:
    def __init__(self, statements):
        self.statements = statements
    def __repr__(self):
        result = repr(self.statements[0])
        for st in self.statements[1:]:
            result += '; ' + repr(st)
        return result
    def indented(self, level):
        result = indent('Statement(s)', level)
        for st in self.statements:
            result += st.indented(level+1)
        return result
    def code(self):
        result = ''
        for st in self.statements:
            result += st.code()
        return result

class If_AST:
    def __init__(self, boolean_expression, then):
        self.boolean_expression = boolean_expression
        self.then = then
    def __repr__(self):
        return 'if ' + repr(self.boolean_expression) + ' then ' + \
                       repr(self.then) + ' end'
    def indented(self, level):
        return indent('If-Then', level) + \
               self.boolean_expression.indented(level+1) + \
               self.then.indented(level+1)
    def code(self):
        l1 = label_generator.next()
        return self.boolean_expression.code(l1) + \
               self.then.code() + \
               l1 + ':\n'

class If_Else_AST:
    def __init__(self, boolean_expression, then, _else):
        self.boolean_expression = boolean_expression;
        self.then = then;
        self._else = _else;
    def __repr__(self):
        return 'if ' + repr(self.boolean_expression) + ' then ' + \
                       repr(self.then) + ' else ' + \
                       repr(self._else) + ' end'
    def indented(self, level):
        return indent('If-Then-Else', level) + \
               self.boolean_expression.indented(level+1) + \
               self.then.indented(level+1) + \
               indent('Else', level+1) + \
               self._else.indented(level+1)
    def code(self):
        l1 = label_generator.next()   
        l2 = label_generator.next()
        return self.boolean_expression.code(l1) + \
               self.then.code() + \
               'goto ' + l2 + '\n' + \
               l1 + ':\n' + \
               self._else.code() + \
               l2 + ':\n'


class While_AST:
    def __init__(self, boolean_term, body):
        self.boolean_term = boolean_term
        self.body = body
    def __repr__(self):
        return 'while ' + repr(self.boolean_term) + ' do ' + \
                          repr(self.body) + ' end'
    def indented(self, level):
        return indent('While-Do', level) + \
               self.boolean_term.indented(level+1) + \
               self.body.indented(level+2)
    def code(self):
        l1 = label_generator.next()
        l2 = label_generator.next()
        return l1 + ':\n' + \
               self.boolean_term.code(l2) + \
               self.body.code() + \
               'goto ' + l1 + '\n' + \
               l2 + ':\n'

class Assign_AST:
    def __init__(self, identifier, expression):
        self.identifier = identifier
        self.expression = expression
    def __repr__(self):
        return repr(self.identifier) + ':=' + repr(self.expression)
    def indented(self, level):
        return indent('Assign', level) + \
               self.identifier.indented(level+1) + \
               self.expression.indented(level+1)
    def code(self):
        loc = symbol_table.location(self.identifier.identifier)
        return self.expression.code() + \
               'istore ' + str(loc) + '\n'

class Write_AST:
    def __init__(self, expression):
        self.expression = expression
    def __repr__(self):
        return 'write ' + repr(self.expression)
    def indented(self, level):
        return indent('Write', level) + self.expression.indented(level+1)
    def code(self):
        return 'getstatic java/lang/System/out Ljava/io/PrintStream;\n' + \
               self.expression.code() + \
               'invokestatic java/lang/String/valueOf(I)Ljava/lang/String;\n' + \
               'invokevirtual java/io/PrintStream/println(Ljava/lang/String;)V\n'

class Read_AST:
    def __init__(self, identifier):
        self.identifier = identifier
    def __repr__(self):
        return 'read ' + repr(self.identifier)
    def indented(self, level):
        return indent('Read', level) + self.identifier.indented(level+1)
    def code(self):
        java_scanner = symbol_table.location('Java Scanner')
        loc = symbol_table.location(self.identifier.identifier)
        return 'aload ' + str(java_scanner) + '\n' + \
               'invokevirtual java/util/Scanner.nextInt()I\n' + \
               'istore ' + str(loc) + '\n'

class Comparison_AST:
    def __init__(self, left, op, right):
        self.left = left
        self.op = op
        self.right = right
    def __repr__(self):
        op = { Token.LESS:'<', Token.EQ:'=', Token.GRTR:'>',
               Token.LEQ:'<=', Token.NEQ:'!=', Token.GEQ:'>=' }
        return repr(self.left) + op[self.op] + repr(self.right)
    def indented(self, level):
        return indent(self.op, level) + \
               self.left.indented(level+1) + \
               self.right.indented(level+1)
    def true_code(self, label):
        op = { Token.LESS:'if_icmplt', Token.EQ:'if_icmpeq',
               Token.GRTR:'if_icmpgt', Token.LEQ:'if_icmple',
               Token.NEQ:'if_icmpne', Token.GEQ:'if_icmpge' }
        return self.left.code() + \
               self.right.code() + \
               op[self.op] + ' ' + label + '\n'
    def false_code(self, label):
        # Negate each comparison because of jump to "false" label.
        op = { Token.LESS:'if_icmpge', Token.EQ:'if_icmpne',
               Token.GRTR:'if_icmple', Token.LEQ:'if_icmpgt',
               Token.NEQ:'if_icmpeq', Token.GEQ:'if_icmplt' }
        return self.left.code() + \
               self.right.code() + \
               op[self.op] + ' ' + label + '\n'

class Expression_AST:
    def __init__(self, left, op, right):
        self.left = left
        self.op = op
        self.right = right
    def __repr__(self):
        op = { Token.ADD:'+', Token.SUB:'-', Token.MUL:'*', Token.DIV:'/' }
        return '(' + repr(self.left) + op[self.op] + repr(self.right) + ')'
    def indented(self, level):
        return indent(self.op, level) + \
               self.left.indented(level+1) + \
               self.right.indented(level+1)
    def code(self):
        op = { Token.ADD:'iadd', Token.SUB:'isub',
               Token.MUL:'imul', Token.DIV:'idiv' }
        return self.left.code() + \
               self.right.code() + \
               op[self.op] + '\n'

class Number_AST:
    def __init__(self, number):
        self.number = number
    def __repr__(self):
        return self.number
    def indented(self, level):
        return indent(self.number, level)
    def code(self): # works only for short numbers
        return 'sipush ' + self.number + '\n'

class Identifier_AST:
    def __init__(self, identifier):
        self.identifier = identifier
    def __repr__(self):
        return self.identifier
    def indented(self, level):
        return indent(self.identifier, level)
    def code(self):
        loc = symbol_table.location(self.identifier)
        return 'iload ' + str(loc) + '\n'

class BooleanFactor_AST:
    def __init__(self, condition, logic):
        self.condition = condition
        self.logic = logic
    def __repr__(self):
        if self.logic == False:
            return 'NOT ' + repr(self.condition)
        else:
            return repr(self.condition)
    def indented(self, level):
        if self.logic == False:
            return indent('NOT ', level) + self.condition.indented(level + 1)
        else:
            return self.condition.indented(level)
    def false_code(self, label):
        if self.logic == True:
            return self.condition.false_code(label)
        else:
            return self.condition.true_code(label)
        return
    def true_code(self, label):
        if self.logic == True:
            return self.condition.true_code(label)
        else:
            return self.condition.false_code(label)


class BooleanTerm_AST:
    def __init__(self, terms):
        self.terms = terms
    def __repr__(self):
        result = repr(self.terms[0])
        for term in self.terms[1:]:
            result = result + ' AND ' + repr(term)
        return result
    def indented(self, level):
        result = self.terms[0].indented(level)
        for term in self.terms[1:]:
            result = result + indent('AND', level)
            result = result + term.indented(level)
        return result
    def code(self, label):
        result = ''
        for term in self.terms:
            result = result + term.false_code(label)
        return result

class BooleanExpression_AST:
    def __init__(self, expressions):
        self.expressions = expressions
    def __repr__(self):
        result = repr(self.expressions[0])
        for expression in self.expressions[1:]:
            result = result + ' OR ' + repr(expression)
        return result
    def indented(self, level):
        result = self.expressions[0].indented(level)
        indentation = 0
        for expression in self.expressions[1:]:
            indentation += 1
            result = result + indent('OR', level + indentation)
            result = result + expression.indented(level + indentation)
        return result
    def code(self, label):
        result = ''
        for expression in self.expressions:
            result = result + expression.code(label)
        return result


# The following methods comprise the recursive-descent parser.

def program():
    sts = statements()
    return Program_AST(sts)

def statements():
    result = [statement()]
    while scanner.lookahead() == Token.SEM:
        scanner.consume(Token.SEM)
        st = statement()
        result.append(st)
    return Statements_AST(result)

def statement():
    if scanner.lookahead() == Token.IF:
        return if_statement()
    elif scanner.lookahead() == Token.WHILE:
        return while_statement()
    elif scanner.lookahead() == Token.ID:
        return assignment()
    elif scanner.lookahead() == Token.READ:
        return read();
    elif scanner.lookahead() == Token.WRITE:
        return write();
    else: # error
        return scanner.consume(Token.IF, Token.WHILE, Token.ID)

def if_statement():
    scanner.consume(Token.IF)
    condition = boolean_expression()
    scanner.consume(Token.THEN)
    then = statements()
    if scanner.lookahead() == Token.END:
        scanner.consume(Token.END)
        return If_AST(condition, then)
    else:
        scanner.consume(Token.ELSE)
        _else = statements()
        scanner.consume(Token.END)
        return If_Else_AST(condition, then, _else)

def while_statement():
    scanner.consume(Token.WHILE)
    condition = boolean_expression()
    scanner.consume(Token.DO)
    body = statements()
    scanner.consume(Token.END)
    return While_AST(condition, body)

def assignment():
    ident = identifier()
    scanner.consume(Token.BEC)
    expr = expression()
    return Assign_AST(ident, expr)

def read():
    scanner.consume(Token.READ)
    variable = identifier()
    return Read_AST(variable)


def write():
    scanner.consume(Token.WRITE)
    expr = expression()
    return Write_AST(expr)

def comparison():
    left = expression()
    op = scanner.consume(Token.LESS, Token.EQ, Token.GRTR,
                         Token.LEQ, Token.NEQ, Token.GEQ)
    right = expression()
    return Comparison_AST(left, op, right)

def expression():
    result = term()
    while scanner.lookahead() in [Token.ADD, Token.SUB]:
        op = scanner.consume(Token.ADD, Token.SUB)
        tree = term()
        result = Expression_AST(result, op, tree)
    return result

def term():
    result = factor()
    while scanner.lookahead() in [Token.MUL, Token.DIV]:
        op = scanner.consume(Token.MUL, Token.DIV)
        tree = factor()
        result = Expression_AST(result, op, tree)
    return result

def factor():
    if scanner.lookahead() == Token.LPAR:
        scanner.consume(Token.LPAR)
        result = expression()
        scanner.consume(Token.RPAR)
        return result
    elif scanner.lookahead() == Token.NUM:
        value = scanner.consume(Token.NUM)
        return Number_AST(value)
    elif scanner.lookahead() == Token.ID:
        return identifier()
    else: # error
        return scanner.consume(Token.LPAR, Token.NUM, Token.ID)

def identifier():
    value = scanner.consume(Token.ID)
    return Identifier_AST(value)

def boolean_factor():
    if scanner.lookahead() == Token.NOT:
        scanner.consume(Token.NOT)
        logic = False
    else:
        logic = True
    result = comparison()
    return BooleanFactor_AST(result, logic)

def boolean_term():
    result = [boolean_factor()]
    while scanner.lookahead() in [Token.AND]:
        scanner.consume(scanner.lookahead())
        temp = boolean_factor()
        result.append(temp)

    return BooleanTerm_AST(result)

def boolean_expression():
    result = [boolean_term()]
    while scanner.lookahead() in [Token.OR]:
        scanner.consume(scanner.lookahead())
        temp = boolean_term()
        result.append(temp)

    return BooleanExpression_AST(result)

# Initialise scanner, symbol table and label generator.

#scanner = Scanner(open('test.txt'))
scanner = Scanner(sys.stdin)
symbol_table = Symbol_Table()
symbol_table.location('Java Scanner') # fix a location for the Java Scanner
label_generator = Label()

# Uncomment the following to test the scanner without the parser.
# This shows a list of all tokens in the input.
#
#token = scanner.lookahead()

#while token != None:
#    print(token)
#    scanner.consume(token)
#    token = scanner.lookahead()

#exit()

# Call the parser.

ast = program()
assert scanner.lookahead() == None

# Uncomment the following to test the parser without the code generator.
# The first line gives back the program by calling __repr__ of the AST classes.
# The second line shows the syntax tree with levels indicated by indentation.
#
#print(ast)
#print(ast.indented(0))
#exit()

# Call the code generator.

# This translates the abstract syntax tree to JVM bytecode.
# It can be assembled to a class file by Jasmin: http://jasmin.sourceforge.net/

print(ast.code())

test du fichier bat

python compiler.py <test.txt> Program.j
java -Xmx100m -jar jasmin.jar Program.j
java -Xmx100m Program < testInput.txt > test_output.txt

et langue (BNF)

Program = Statements
Statements = Statement (; Statement)
Statement = If | While | Assignment
If = if Comparison then Statements end
While = while Comparison do Statements end
Assignment = identifier := Expression
Comparison = Expression Relation Expression
Relation = = | != | < | <= | > | >=
Expression = Term ((+ | -) Term)
Term = Factor ((* | /) Factor)
Factor = (Expression) | number | identifier
BooleanExpression = BooleanTerm (or BooleanTerm)*
BooleanTerm = BooleanFactor (and BooleanFactor)*
BooleanFactor = not BooleanFactor | Comparison

Je pense que c'est tout ce qui est pertinent, bravo si vous essayez de m'aider sur ce point


19
2018-05-15 12:57


origine


Réponses:


Si vous voulez une méthode pour enchaîner les OU et AND, vous pouvez utiliser cette propriété:

p v q === ¬p ^ ¬q

Est équivalent, vous pouvez traiter tout dans le ET forme. par exemple.

p v q ^ r v s === ¬p ^ ¬q ^ ¬r ^ ¬s

Alors évaluez l'expression dans ET forme est simple avec un algorithme.

Je suppose que l'expression n'a pas de parenthèse, autrement dit, vous devez hiérarchiser les symboles de regroupement (), [], {}.


1
2017-10-21 18:09