Question Git ignore le fichier pour les projets Xcode


Quels fichiers dois-je inclure dans .gitignore en utilisant Git en conjonction avec Xcode?


818
2017-09-08 11:07


origine


Réponses:


Mods: Veuillez ne pas approuver les modifications apportées à cette réponse. Jusqu'à présent, chaque modification a été INCORRECT et entraîne une perte de données. S'il vous plaît laissez cette réponse tout seul!


Si vous voulez éditer cette réponse, ne le faites pas. Lisez tout d'abord - il y a un moyen facile pour vous de faire votre propre fourche, et si cela ne suffit pas alors commentez-le.


J'utilisais auparavant la réponse la mieux votée, mais il faut un peu de nettoyage, donc ici c'est fait pour Xcode 4, avec quelques améliorations.

J'ai recherché chaque déposer dans cette liste, mais plusieurs d'entre eux n'existent pas dans les documents xcode officiels d'Apple, donc je devais aller sur les listes de diffusion d'Apple.

Apple continue d'ajouter des fichiers non documentés, potentiellement corrompre nos projets en direct. Cette IMHO est inacceptable, et j'ai maintenant commencé à enregistrer des bogues à chaque fois qu'ils le font. Je sais qu'ils ne s'en soucient pas, mais peut-être que cela fera honte à l'un d'eux de traiter les développeurs plus équitablement.


Si vous avez besoin de personnaliser, voici un aperçu que vous pouvez utiliser: https://gist.github.com/3786883


#########################
# .gitignore file for Xcode4 and Xcode5 Source projects
#
# Apple bugs, waiting for Apple to fix/respond:
#
#    15564624 - what does the xccheckout file in Xcode5 do? Where's the documentation?
#
# Version 2.6
# For latest version, see: http://stackoverflow.com/questions/49478/git-ignore-file-for-xcode-projects
#
# 2015 updates:
# - Fixed typo in "xccheckout" line - thanks to @lyck for pointing it out!
# - Fixed the .idea optional ignore. Thanks to @hashier for pointing this out
# - Finally added "xccheckout" to the ignore. Apple still refuses to answer support requests about this, but in practice it seems you should ignore it.
# - minor tweaks from Jona and Coeur (slightly more precise xc* filtering/names)
# 2014 updates:
# - appended non-standard items DISABLED by default (uncomment if you use those tools)
# - removed the edit that an SO.com moderator made without bothering to ask me
# - researched CocoaPods .lock more carefully, thanks to Gokhan Celiker
# 2013 updates:
# - fixed the broken "save personal Schemes"
# - added line-by-line explanations for EVERYTHING (some were missing)
#
# NB: if you are storing "built" products, this WILL NOT WORK,
# and you should use a different .gitignore (or none at all)
# This file is for SOURCE projects, where there are many extra
# files that we want to exclude
#
#########################

#####
# OS X temporary files that should never be committed
#
# c.f. http://www.westwind.com/reference/os-x/invisibles.html

.DS_Store

# c.f. http://www.westwind.com/reference/os-x/invisibles.html

.Trashes

# c.f. http://www.westwind.com/reference/os-x/invisibles.html

*.swp

#
# *.lock - this is used and abused by many editors for many different things.
#    For the main ones I use (e.g. Eclipse), it should be excluded 
#    from source-control, but YMMV.
#   (lock files are usually local-only file-synchronization on the local FS that should NOT go in git)
# c.f. the "OPTIONAL" section at bottom though, for tool-specific variations!
#
# In particular, if you're using CocoaPods, you'll want to comment-out this line:
*.lock


#
# profile - REMOVED temporarily (on double-checking, I can't find it in OS X docs?)
#profile


####
# Xcode temporary files that should never be committed
# 
# NB: NIB/XIB files still exist even on Storyboard projects, so we want this...

*~.nib


####
# Xcode build files -
#
# NB: slash on the end, so we only remove the FOLDER, not any files that were badly named "DerivedData"

DerivedData/

# NB: slash on the end, so we only remove the FOLDER, not any files that were badly named "build"

build/


#####
# Xcode private settings (window sizes, bookmarks, breakpoints, custom executables, smart groups)
#
# This is complicated:
#
# SOMETIMES you need to put this file in version control.
# Apple designed it poorly - if you use "custom executables", they are
#  saved in this file.
# 99% of projects do NOT use those, so they do NOT want to version control this file.
#  ..but if you're in the 1%, comment out the line "*.pbxuser"

# .pbxuser: http://lists.apple.com/archives/xcode-users/2004/Jan/msg00193.html

*.pbxuser

# .mode1v3: http://lists.apple.com/archives/xcode-users/2007/Oct/msg00465.html

*.mode1v3

# .mode2v3: http://lists.apple.com/archives/xcode-users/2007/Oct/msg00465.html

*.mode2v3

# .perspectivev3: http://stackoverflow.com/questions/5223297/xcode-projects-what-is-a-perspectivev3-file

*.perspectivev3

#    NB: also, whitelist the default ones, some projects need to use these
!default.pbxuser
!default.mode1v3
!default.mode2v3
!default.perspectivev3


####
# Xcode 4 - semi-personal settings
#
# Apple Shared data that Apple put in the wrong folder
# c.f. http://stackoverflow.com/a/19260712/153422
#     FROM ANSWER: Apple says "don't ignore it"
#     FROM COMMENTS: Apple is wrong; Apple code is too buggy to trust; there are no known negative side-effects to ignoring Apple's unofficial advice and instead doing the thing that actively fixes bugs in Xcode
# Up to you, but ... current advice: ignore it.
*.xccheckout

#
#
# OPTION 1: ---------------------------------
#     throw away ALL personal settings (including custom schemes!
#     - unless they are "shared")
# As per build/ and DerivedData/, this ought to have a trailing slash
#
# NB: this is exclusive with OPTION 2 below
xcuserdata/

# OPTION 2: ---------------------------------
#     get rid of ALL personal settings, but KEEP SOME OF THEM
#     - NB: you must manually uncomment the bits you want to keep
#
# NB: this *requires* git v1.8.2 or above; you may need to upgrade to latest OS X,
#    or manually install git over the top of the OS X version
# NB: this is exclusive with OPTION 1 above
#
#xcuserdata/**/*

#     (requires option 2 above): Personal Schemes
#
#!xcuserdata/**/xcschemes/*

####
# Xcode 4 workspaces - more detailed
#
# Workspaces are important! They are a core feature of Xcode - don't exclude them :)
#
# Workspace layout is quite spammy. For reference:
#
# /(root)/
#   /(project-name).xcodeproj/
#     project.pbxproj
#     /project.xcworkspace/
#       contents.xcworkspacedata
#       /xcuserdata/
#         /(your name)/xcuserdatad/
#           UserInterfaceState.xcuserstate
#     /xcshareddata/
#       /xcschemes/
#         (shared scheme name).xcscheme
#     /xcuserdata/
#       /(your name)/xcuserdatad/
#         (private scheme).xcscheme
#         xcschememanagement.plist
#
#

####
# Xcode 4 - Deprecated classes
#
# Allegedly, if you manually "deprecate" your classes, they get moved here.
#
# We're using source-control, so this is a "feature" that we do not want!

*.moved-aside

####
# OPTIONAL: Some well-known tools that people use side-by-side with Xcode / iOS development
#
# NB: I'd rather not include these here, but gitignore's design is weak and doesn't allow
#     modular gitignore: you have to put EVERYTHING in one file.
#
# COCOAPODS:
#
# c.f. http://guides.cocoapods.org/using/using-cocoapods.html#what-is-a-podfilelock
# c.f. http://guides.cocoapods.org/using/using-cocoapods.html#should-i-ignore-the-pods-directory-in-source-control
#
#!Podfile.lock
#
# RUBY:
#
# c.f. http://yehudakatz.com/2010/12/16/clarifying-the-roles-of-the-gemspec-and-gemfile/
#
#!Gemfile.lock
#
# IDEA:
#
# c.f. https://www.jetbrains.com/objc/help/managing-projects-under-version-control.html?search=workspace.xml
# 
#.idea/workspace.xml
#
# TEXTMATE:
#
# -- UNVERIFIED: c.f. http://stackoverflow.com/a/50283/153422
#
#tm_build_errors

####
# UNKNOWN: recommended by others, but I can't discover what these files are
#

646
2017-08-18 19:22



Basé sur ce guide pour Mercurial mon .gitignore comprend:

.DS_Store
*.swp
*~.nib

build/

*.pbxuser
*.perspective
*.perspectivev3

J'ai également choisi d'inclure:

*.mode1v3
*.mode2v3

qui, selon cette liste de diffusion Apple, sont des "paramètres de projet spécifiques à l'utilisateur".

Et pour Xcode 4:

xcuserdata

273
2017-09-08 11:14



En ce qui concerne l'exclusion du répertoire 'build' -

Si vous placez vos fichiers de construction dans un répertoire différent de votre source, comme je le fais, vous n'avez pas à vous soucier du dossier dans l'arborescence.

Cela rend également la vie plus simple pour le partage de votre code, empêchant les sauvegardes volumineuses, et même lorsque vous avez des dépendances à d'autres projets Xcode (alors que les builds doivent être dans le même répertoire que les autres)

Vous pouvez prendre une copie à jour de l'essentiel Github https://gist.github.com/708713

Mon fichier .gitignore actuel est

# Mac OS X
*.DS_Store

# Xcode
*.pbxuser
*.mode1v3
*.mode2v3
*.perspectivev3
*.xcuserstate
project.xcworkspace/
xcuserdata/

# Generated files
*.o
*.pyc


#Python modules
MANIFEST
dist/
build/

# Backup files
*~.nib

60
2017-12-08 10:42



Pour Xcode 4, j'ajoute également:

YourProjectName.xcodeproj/xcuserdata/*
YourProjectName.xcodeproj/project.xcworkspace/xcuserdata/*

55
2017-10-13 14:09



J'ai inclus ces suggestions dans un Gist que j'ai créé sur Github: http://gist.github.com/137348

Sentez-vous libre de le fourchonner et de le rendre meilleur.


24
2018-06-28 20:04



Les gens de GitHub ont des fichiers .gitignore exhaustifs et documentés pour les projets Xcode:

Rapide:  https://github.com/github/gitignore/blob/master/Swift.gitignore

Objectif c:  https://github.com/github/gitignore/blob/master/Objective-C.gitignore


13
2017-08-04 18:30



J'utilise AppCode et XCode. Alors .idea/ devrait être ignoré.

ajouter ceci à Adam .gitignore

####
# AppCode
.idea/

12
2018-04-17 13:57



Le mien est un .bzrignore, mais la même idée :)

.DS_Store
*.mode1v3
*.pbxuser
*.perspectivev3
*.tm_build_errors

le tm_build_errors est pour quand j'utilise TextMate pour construire mon projet. Pas tout à fait aussi complet que Hagelin mais je pensais que ça valait la peine de poster pour la ligne tm_build_errors.


10
2017-09-08 17:51